Information Technology

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Description
test tasks
Task 1.
1. The ability to solve problems of information services at the level of maximum capabilities determined by the state of development of computing technology and communications achieved at the moment is ...
a) information potential
b) information resource
c) information market
d) information industry

2. Information recorded on tangible media and stored in information systems (libraries, archives, funds, data banks and other information systems) is ...

a) information market
b) information industry
c) information resource
d) information potential

3. The totality of economic, legal and informational relations on information trade is ...

a) information potential
b) information market
c) information resource
d) information industry

4. The types of activities associated with the formation of information resources, keeping them up to date, as well as the creation of means for storing, processing and transmitting information are ...

a) information potential
b) information resource
c) information industry
d) information market

5. What is the name of the information that is bought and sold in the relevant market?

a) information product
b) information service
c) information potential
d) information resource

Task 2.
1. Implementation of information activities in the form specified by the law to bring information products to consumers in order to meet their information needs is ...

a) information resource
b) information potential
c) information product
d) information service

2. How are information resources classified according to the way information is presented? 1) web pages; 2) information in communication systems (e-mail, forums, conferences, etc.); 3) files; 4) databases.

a) 1,2,3,4
b) 1,2
c) 1,3,4
d) 2,3,4

3. The owners of what information is usually not presented in machine form and not adapted for automatic processing?

a) consumer information
b) provider information
c) databases
d) primary information

4.Organizations collecting primary information and presenting it in the form of databases are ...

a) Database owners
b) Owners of primary information
c) Vendors (sellers)
d) Providers
5. Organizations that form data banks (including, in particular, databases of individual owners) and access them on a commercial basis are ...

a) Database owners
b) Owners of primary information
c) Vendors (sellers)
d) Providers

Task 3.
1.Organizations providing access to world information resources via telecommunication channels are ...

a) Providers
b) Vendors (sellers)
c) Consumers
d) Database owners

2. Organizations and individuals using IR is ...

a) Providers
b) Consumers
c) Vendors (sellers)
d) Database owners

3. What kind of users use the information to solve their problems?

a) end users
b) intermediate users, intermediaries
c) information brokers
d) primary users

4. Which users provide information retrieval services to their clients?

a) end users
b) information brokers
c) intermediate users, intermediaries
d) primary users

5. What are the professionals involved in information services using services and services paid by the client?

a) information brokers
b) intermediate users, intermediaries
c) primary users
d) end users

Task 4.
1. This sector is characterized by trade in information for "real money", it is here that the maximum turnover is achieved.

a) Scientific Information Sector
b) Consumer Media Sector
c) Scientific, Technical and Special Information Sector
d) Business Information Sector

2. Which sector includes documentary bibliographic, abstract and full-text
Additional Information
a) Scientific Information Sector
b) Scientific, Technical and Special Information Sector
c) Consumer Media Sector
d) Business Information Sector

3. Which sector includes news and background information, consumer and entertainment information (weather, anecdotes, transport timetables, price lists, etc.)?

a) Scientific Information Sector
b) Scientific, Technical and Special Information Sector
c) Consumer Media Sector
d) Business Information Sector

4. What are the main models of pricing information resources? 1. Based on costs. 2. Taking into account the demand for information goods and services. 3. Based on competitors' prices.

a) 1,2,3
b) 1,2
c) 1,3
d) 2,3

5. Information (messages, data), regardless of the form of their presentation - is ...

a) site
b) web page
c) Information
d) hypertext

Task 5.
1. How is the basic information from professional databases provided?
a) Free of charge
b) On a commercial basis
c) On a barter basis
d) Interchange
2. Which country forms more than 70% of the world's business information resources?
a) USA
b) England
c) Japan
d) Germany
3. What is the name of the channel that provides a temporary connection to the computers of the network through the public telephone network?
a) Selected
b) Special
c) Binding
d) Dial-up
4. In which country was the European Online News Agency “Data-Star” established?
a) In France
b) In Switzerland
c) In Germany
d) In Belgium
5. What is the name of the type of communication through which it is impossible to get a dedicated channel?
a) Satellite channel
b) Radio channel
c) PBX switch
d) Coaxial cable

Task 6.
1. Two information systems of which countries are included in Questel-Orbit agency?
a) Japan and China
b) USA and France
c) Germany and France
d) England and Canada
2. What is the name of the program running on the servers, through which access to information and computing resources is provided?
a) Service
b) Browser
c) Guide
d) Internet service
3. What is used to link to website documents?
a) Footnotes
b) Strings
c) Links
d) Symbols
4. Which educational institution in Russia first issued a series of integrated training courses?
a) MGIMO
b) MSU
c) MMIEIFP
d) MAMI
5. What does the FTP service provide access to?
a) To the Internet
b) To server
c) To the local network
d) By email

Task 7.
1. What discipline was not included in the first series of integrated training courses in Russia?
a) Mathematics
b) Informatics
c) Economics
d) Physics
2. What else is an e-mail box called?
a) Www
b) Web
c) E-mail
d) Ftp
3. What is the name of the initial course of education, according to the international standard "Learning Teaching System Architecture"?
a) Final
b) Preceding
c) Basic
d) Context-complementary
4. What is the other name of the teleconferencing service?
a) Newsgroups
b) Exchange server
c) Discussion server
d) Link Server
5. How does the abbreviation IAK stand for?
a) Internet learning culture
b) Individual training course
c) Research Training Combine
d) Integrated training course

Task 8.
1. What is the mode of information transfer in global networks?
a) In batch
b) In a collective
c) In context
d) Compressed
2. What is a set of rules and commands that determine the transfer of information in networks?
a) Protocol
b) Code
c) Condition
d) Requirement
3. What is the unique name of a computer on the global network?
a) IP address
b) IT address
c) ID address
d) AT address
4. What component of the link www.kirov.forum.ru is the first level domain?
a) www
b) kirov
c) forum
d) ru
5. What is the name of a group of documents that are linked by subject matter and hyperlinks?
a) Website
b) Server
c) Industry
d) Forum
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